Glaciares de Chile


"Airborne laser altimetry survey of Glaciar Tyndall, Patagonia"

Keller, K., G. Casassa, A. Rivera, R. Forsberg & N. Gundestrup (2007) : “Airborne laser altimetry survey of Glaciar Tyndall, Patagonia” Annals of glaciology , 59, 101-109.

Resumen / Abstract.

he first airborne laser altimetry measurements of a glacier in South America are presented. Data were collected in November of 2001 over Glaciar Tyndall, Torres del Paine National Park, Chilean Patagonia, onboard a Twin Otter airplane of the Chilean Air Force. A laser scanner with a rotating polygon-mirror system together with an Inertial Navigation System (INS) were fixed to the floor of the aircraft, and used in combination with two dual-frequency GPS receivers. Together, the laser–INS-GPS system had a nominal accuracy of 30 cm after data processing. On November 23rd, a total of 235 km were flown over the ablation area of Glaciar Tyndall, with 5 longitudinal tracks with a mean swath width of 300 m, which results in a point spacing of approximately 2 m both along and across track. A digital elevation model (DEM) generated using the laser altimetry data was compared with a DEM produced from a 1975 map (1:50,000 scale — Instituto Geográfico Militar (IGM), Chile). A mean thinning of -3.1±1.0 m/a was calculated for the ablation area of Glaciar Tyndall, with a maximum value of -7.7±1.0 m a/1 at the calving front at 50 m.a.s.l. and minimum values of between -1.0 and -2.0±1.0 m/a at altitudes close to the equilibrium line altitude (900 m a.s.l.).